The Islamic Shari’ah prescribes directives for the regulation of our individual as well as collective life. These directives touch such varied subjects as religious rituals, personal character, morals, habits, family relationships, social and economic affairs, administration, rights and duties of citizens, judicial system, laws of war and peace and international relations. In short, it embraces all the various departments of human life.
Moral sense is inborn in man and through the ages it has served as the common man’s standard of moral behavior, approving certain qualities and disapproving others. While this instinctive faculty may vary from person to person, human conscience has given a more or less uniform verdict in favor of certain moral qualities as being good and declared certain others as bad.
Faith is such a power that it keeps men away from low attributes and lowly acts, and encourages them to achieve high attributes and clean morals. That is why whenever Allah the Almighty called his slaves towards virtue or whenever He wanted them to hate evil, He declared it as an essential requirement of the Faith in their hearts. For example when He; in Quran, commands men to adopt righteousness and to speak truth, He addresses them as “O you who have faith” (or “O you who believe”):“O you, who have faith, fear Allah and be with the truthful people.” Holy Qur’an (Chapter 9 Verse 119)
The Holy Qur’an speaks against all forms of anthropomorphism (God in Human form). The Glorious Qur’an says in the following verse:
“Say: ‘Do you argue with us about Allah when He is our Lord as well as your Lord? We are accountable for our deeds and you for yours so we are sincerely (dedicated) to Him’.” – (Chapter 2 Verse 139)
Similarly Islam has ordered that its followers should be kind to their relatives, even though they may have rejected this religion, which they have made their own. Therefore, following the Truth does not mean that the rights of the relatives may be usurped: “But if they endeavor to make you associate with Me that of which you have no knowledge, do not obey them but accompany them in [this] world with appropriate kindness and follow the way of those who turn back to Me [in repentance]. Then to Me will be your return, and I will inform you about what you used to do.” – Holy Qur’an Chapter 31 Verse 15