One of the major troublesome areas of human existence is the problem of sin or evil in the world.
That event led to the Fall and has ever since branded the human race with guilt, stigma, and bewilderment.
But they were warned not to approach a particular tree so that they would not run into harm and injustice.
They were expelled from the Garden and brought down to earth to live, die, and taken out again at last for the Final Judgment. Having realized what they had done, they felt shame, guilt, and remorse.
It is commonly believed that sin started with Adam and Eve during their life in the Garden of Eden.
Islam has taken a unique position on the whole issue, a position which is not shared by any other religion we know. The Qur’ an states that Adam and Eve were directed by God to reside in the Garden of Eden and enjoy its produce as they pleased, assured of bountiful supplies and comfort.
Then Satan intrigued them to temptation and caused them to lose their joyful state.
They prayed for God’s mercy and were forgiven (Qur’ an, 2:35-38; 7:19-25; 20:117-123)
This Symbolic Event Is Significantly Revealing. It Tells That The Human Being Is Imperfect And Ever Wanting Even If He Were To Live In Paradise.
Much more important is the fact that God is ever prepared to respond to the sincere calls of those who seek His aid. He is so Gracious and Compassionate that His Forgiveness is Encompassing and His Mercy all – Inclusive (Qur’ an – 7:156). One last revealing reading of the event is that discrimination on the basis of sex and hereditary guilt or sin are alien to the spirit of Islam.
But, on the other hand, God created man to worship Him, not to be His equal, rival, the perfect incarnation or absolute embodiment of His goodness. This means that no matter how much good and perfect man may be, by the grace of creation, he is still far short of the goodness and perfection of the Creator. Man is not without such qualities, to be sure. But they are limited and proportionate to man’s finite nature, capacity, and responsibility. This may explain the imperfection and fallibility of man.
If man is imperfect he is not left helpless or deserted by God to fall victim to his shortcomings.He is empowered by revelations, supported by reason, fortified by the freedom of choice, and guided by various social and psychological dispositions to seek and achieve relative perfection.
According To The Moral Scale Of Islam, It Is Not A Sin That Man Is Imperfect Or Fallible.
This is part of his nature as a finite limited creature. But it is a sin if he has the ways and means of relative perfection and chooses not to seek it.
Is harmful to the soul or body,
IN CONCLUSION, SIN IS ACQUIRED NOT INBORN, EMERGENT NOT BUILT-IN, AVOIDABLE NOT INEVITABLE.
Except those who repent and believe (in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger Muhammad pbuh), and work righteousness. Such will enter Paradise and they will not be wronged at all. (Quran – 19:60)
Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds, for those, Allah will change their sins into good deeds, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Quran – 25:70)