A Brief History of Prophets
The Holy Qur’an mentions that at least 25 Prophets where sent down by Allah Almighty (God) to guide the human kind with His divine guidance. According to the Quran, all the prophets had the same mission: to call people to worship One God (Allah Almighty), to explain to them what God wants them to do, and in return give glad tidings to them, and to persuade them to keep away from what God has prohibited and warn them of the horrible punishment of not doing so.
Quran mentions the story of how Adam (pbuh) was created and why he was created. In no uncertain terms, Quran mentions the purpose behind creating man and his limited tenure on earth; to worship the Lord and act as His khalifa (vicegerent).
Quran recalls the times of Moses (pbuh) and an arrogant ruler pharaoh, how Moses (pbuh) asked pharaoh to obey Allah and regard Him as the creator and how Moses made his way through the sea and the same sea engulfed the disbelieving pharaoh.
Quran briefs us about the purpose behind the miraculous birth of Jesus, son of Mary (pbuh) and about his life thereafter. Through this story, Quran draws our attention to the Oneness of God repeatedly and motivates us to bear everything for the sake of God.
In short, the Holy Quran uses the stories of Prophets time and again to make a point: how people behaved and how they were treated in return by Almighty God. This is done so that the thinking mind can take a lesson from the lives of the previous generations.
Quran in its own unique style, narrates the times and lives of the Prophets, sometimes even verbatim, and brings to life their times in front of us. Some incidences are depicted so vividly that we can picture the whole situation from the mere conversations. Quran mentions that the purpose of repeatedly narrating these stories and incidences is that the people should remember what had happened to the people in the past and learn from them. Quran mentions that people should not forget that the fate which arrogant and powerful were ordained by the will of God.
Similarly, Quran narrates the stories of Prophet Noah (pbuh), his building the ark and taking one of all species into it.

Quran narrates the story of Prophet Yusuf (pbuh), who was the most handsome male of his times. Ladies who took a glance at him would cut off their fingers accidentally. And how he preferred going to prison than committing a sin.

The story of Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) is also mentioned repeatedly and Ibrahim is recalled as a true obedient slave and prophet. Quran inspires us to follow the religion of Ibrahim while it recounts the number of tests he had to pass through and how every time he proved himself a true slave of God.
The prophets whose names are mentioned are: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Lot, Joseph, Moses, David, Solomon, Jesus, Moses, Aaron, Joshua, Samuel, David, Solomon, Elijah, Elisha, Dhul-Kifl, Jonah, Zechariah, John, Jesus, and Muhammed (peace be upon them all).
1. Prophet Muhammed (pbuh): The last prophet and the leader of all prophets. He was mentioned in the Qur’an 4 times.
2. Jesus (Isa bin Maryam): Prophet Jesus (pbuh), the son of Mary (pbuh). He was mentioned 29 times in the Qur’an.
3. Yahya (pbuh): Was mentioned 5 times in the Qur’an.
4. Zakariyya (pbuh): Was mentioned 7 times in the Qur’an.
5. Al-Yasa (pbuh): He was mentioned 2 times in the Qur’an.
6. Ilyas (pbuh): Mentioned 2 times in the Qur’an.
7. Yunus (pbuh): Was mentioned 4 times in the Qur’an.
8. Dhu’l Kifl (pbuh): Was mentioned 2 times in the Qur’an.
9. Ayyub (pbuh): Mentioned 4 times in the Qur’an.
10. Sulayman (pbuh): Was mentioned 17 times in the Qur’an.
11. Dawud (pbuh): He was mentioned 16 times in the Qur’an.
12. Musa (pbuh): Was mentioned 136 times in the Qur’an.
13. Harun (pbuh): Mentioned 20 times in the Qur’an.
14. Shu’ayb (pbuh): Was mentioned 11 times in the Qur’an.
15. Yusuf (pbuh): was mentioned 27 times in the Qur’an.
16. Ya’qub (pbuh): Mentioned 16 times in the Qur’an.
17. Ishaq (pbuh): Was mentioned 17 times in the Qur’an.
18. Ismail (pbuh): Was mentioned 12 times in the Qur’an.
19. Ibrahim (pbuh): He was mentioned 69 times in the Qur’an.
20. Lut (pbuh): Was mentioned 27 times in the Qur’an.
21. Salih (pbuh): Mentioned 9 times in the Qur’an.
22.Hud (pbuh): Was mentioned 7 times in the Qur’an.
23. Nuh (pbuh): Mentioned 43 times in the Qur’an.
24. Idris (pbuh): Mentioned 2 times in the Qur’an.
25. Adam (pbuh): The first man on Earth. Our first forefather, where all human beings derive from. He was mentioned 25 times in the Qur’an.

Prophet Mohammed (S.A.W) had mentioned that there were about 1,24,000 prophets (peace be upon them) who were sent to various nations and tribes throughout the history.